Business loans are fairly generic term used for different types of finance options that a business can access. In the current context, under Business loans we are largely referring to unsecured income-based loans for self-employed individuals or companies.
Unsecured business loans have no requirement for a security or collateral to be submitted and are offered purely on the current financial strength and past credit record of the borrower.
They are not as flexible as overdrafts and other credit lines that support day-to-day working capital requirements but given their unsecured nature, they are relatively easy to avail with simple paper work and speedy processing. However, that also means that Business loans are usually costlier than other forms of secured business finance.