Driving License in India
Owning a car or a two wheeler has become a quintessential part of the modern city dweller's ' life. The Growing population and inadequate public transportation facilities have forced people to turn to their own motor vehicles. But it is not enough if you just own a motor vehicle, to ride a motor vehicle on Indian roads you must be licensed. Yes, you must possess a driving license in India to legally take your motor vehicles on roads. Read on to find more about driving license and how to apply for a driving license in India.
Overview of Driving License in India
A driving license is basically an official document issued by the Government of India, permitting individuals to operate or drive a motorised vehicle such as a car, motorbike, truck, bus, etc., on a public road, without any supervision. In India, a driving license is issued by the Regional Transport Authority (RTA) or Regional Transport Office (RTO) of that particular state. The Motor Vehicles Act of 1988 states that no individual without the Driving License is authorized to drive a motor vehicle in a public place.
Hence, if you wish to drive a motor vehicle like car or scooter on roads, you must first hold a valid driving license in India. If you are practising to drive a vehicle, you must first get a Learner's ' License which will act as a provisional license and then must take a test to qualify for getting a Driving License. With the advent of online facilities that allow users to apply for a Driving License from the comfort of their homes, getting a driving license has become an easy task.
Types of Driving License in India
Depending on the class of the vehicle, Indian applicants are awarded different driving licenses. Also, the eligibility criteria varies for driving licenses pertaining to different vehicle classes. Here are some of the popular vehicle classes for which a driving license can be obtained in India.
|Vehicle Type||Driving License Class|
|Motorcycles with engine capacity of 50 cc or less than 50 cc||MC 50CC (Motorcycle 50 cc)|
|Motorcycles with gear, motorcycles with a capacity of 50 cc or more, Light Motor Vehicles (LMVs) including cars||MC EX50CC (Motorcycle more than 50 cc)|
|All Motorcycles types including Motorcycle with gear||MCWG or M / CYCL.WG|
|Motorcycles of any cc but with no gears - including scooters and mopeds||FVG|
|Light Motor Vehicle for non transport purposes||LMV - NT|
|Light Motor Vehicle intended for commercial purposes||LMV - TR|
|Heavy Passenger Motor Vehicle (also referred to as All India driving permit for trucks and cars or open license)||HPMV|
|Heavy Goods Motor Vehicle||HGMV|
|Candidates holding a heavy vehicle driving license can apply for heavy trailer license||TRAILOR|
Eligibility for Driving License in India
The eligibility for driving license in India depends on the class of vehicle and the type of driving license. The eligibility criteria for different permanent Driving License types in India are given below.
|Type of Permanent Driving License||Eligibility Criteria|
|Motorcycles without gear (with a capacity of up to 50 cc)||The applicant must be at least 16 years old and must have the consent of parent or guardian if he is less than 18 years old.|
|Motorcycles with gear||The applicant should be at least 18 years old.|
|Commercial Heavy Vehicles and Transport Vehicles||The applicant should have completed 8th standard. The applicant must be at least 18 years old (in some states, the minimum age limit is 20 years).|
|General Requirement||The applicant must be conversant with traffic regulations and rules. The applicant must have valid age proof and address proof documents.|
Documents Required to get a Driving License in India
While applying for a driving license, the candidate must submit all documents given below. Timely submission of all necessary documents will ensure a smooth and faster driving license application process. Refer to the list given below to know what documents will be required while making an application for driving license in India.
Age Proof (any one of the below given documents)
- Birth Certificate
- PAN Card
- The Aadhaar number.
- 10th Class mark sheet
- Transfer certificate from any school for any class with date of birth printed on it.
Proof of Address required for DL:
Permanent Proof of address (any one of the following):
- Self-owned house agreement
- The Aadhaar number.
- Electricity bill (issued in applicant's name)
- TLIC bond
- Voter's ID Card
- Ration card